Top 10 Programming Languages to learn in 2021: Salary, Difficulty, Why

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There’s no question that programming is an evergreen career. Whether you’re new to programming or looking to brush up your skills, it helps to know which languages are in high demand. We will introduce you to the top 10 programming languages to learn in 2021, which anyone can learn to succeed.

These programming languages can create a market shift and open up a huge number of job opportunities in the future. So its better to start now leaning now.

We had created this list on the basis of four factors -:

  • Demand in Job market
  • Ease of Learning
  • Popularity and Community
  • Salary of Programmers

Top 10 programming languages in 2020

Our List of the Top 10 Programming Languages to learn in 2021

1. Python

Python tops the list. It is fast, easy-to-use, and easy-to-deploy, hence it is recommended as the first language to learn. Python is widely used to develop scalable web applications. YouTube, Instagram, Pinterest, SurveyMonkey are all built-in Python. So it is the most versatile of the top programming languages to learn in 2021

PYTHON - Top 10 Programming Languages in 2020
Python

What You’ll Like?

  • The easy learning curve with simple syntax helps boost a developer’s productivity.
  • Supports various systems and platforms so top-tech companies including Google, Netflix and Quora embrace it.
  • Runs on object-oriented programming system (OOPs).
  • A large arsenal of code libraries, development tools, and frameworks
  • You can easily scale down even the most complicated applications
  • Outstanding documentation, support and lots of free online learning resources.

What You Won’t?

  • Python’s database layer is undeveloped and outdated.
  • Limited Use for Mobile computing and mobile app development.

Why You Should Learn?

Python is the top programming language for anyone interested in machine learning and data science applications, web development, desktop GUI, business applications.

Salary:

The national average salary for Python is $79,395 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹755,012.

Difficulty Level:

Easy (5/5)

2. JavaScript

JavaScript has been voted as the most popular language by developers in the Stack Overflow’s Developer Survey for 6 years in a row. It plays a major role in front end development as it has the advantage of being extremely light weight. It is also one of the most preferred languages as it is compatible with all the major browsers.

Javascript can do almost anything nowadays, and reasonably well. Nothing beats JavaScript for in-browser scripting and web apps. Hence it is in our top 10 programming languages to learn in the 2021 list.

Javascript - Top 10 Programming Languages in 2020
JavaScript

What You’ll Like?

  • It’s too fast because it runs quickly in client-side browsers
  • Simplicity. JavaScript is relatively simple to learn and implement
  • Has the ability to create rich interfaces.
  • Popularity. Most commonly seen on the web.
  • It can work with other languages easily and can be used in a variety of applications.

What You Won’t?

  • Client-Side Security: JavaScript can be exploited for malicious purposes as the code executes on the users’ computer.
  • No copy or similar method is available in JavaScript.
  • Different browsers interpret JavaScript differently. This makes it somewhat difficult to write cross-browser code.

Why You Should Learn?

JavaScript is a no-brainer language for web/mobile app development, game development, and desktop app development. Mainly used for making websites interactive

Salary:

The national average salary for Python is $91,120 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹812,600.

Difficulty Level:

Easy to Medium (4/5)

3. JAVA

Java is arguably the most popular programming language you’ve ever heard. There’s a great saying ”write once run everywhere”, captures one of the keys that make Java so valuable. This versatility, combined with the range of available extensions, can make Java a powerful addition to the programmer’s toolbox and that’s why it is called the workhorse of programming.

Java
Java

What You’ll Like?

  • Platform-independent Object-Oriented Language
  • High-level language with simple syntax and a mild learning curve
  • Powerful open-source rapid development tools
  • A large number of open-source libraries
  • Stability and massive community

What You Won’t?

  • Java Takes a lot of Memory Space
  • Performance is mediocre
  • Complex code with too many words

Why You Should Learn?

If you want to develop Android apps, web apps, and big data, then Java should be your primary choice.

Salary:

The national average salary for Java is $85,086 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹709,387.

Difficulty Level:

Medium (3/5)

4. Kotlin

Kotlin is a general-purpose programming language with type inference. It can also replace Java one day. Moreover, from the time Android announced it as its first language. Kotlin offers features that developers ask for. It effortlessly combines object-oriented and functional programming features within it.

For instance, brands like Coursera and Pinterest have already moved to Kotlin due to strong tooling support. 

Kotlin
Kotlin

What You’ll Like?

  • It Increases Team productivity
  • Reliable and Easily maintainable
  • Compatible with existing Java code
  • It is Easy to Learn

What You Won’t?

  • Slower Compilation Speed
  • Small Developer Community
  • Limited Resources for Learning Kotlin

Why You Should Learn?

Since May 2019, Google’s preferred language for Android app development has been Kotlin. It could overtake Java one day, also it is simpler than Java.

Salary:

The national average salary for Kotlin is $98,763 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹466,347.

Difficulty Level:

Easy to medium (4/5)

5. C++

C++ is an improved version of C. A star among application, game, and animation-software programmers. C++ offers the speed and portability needed to be used across devices and platforms. It allows programmers the ability to reuse code, for easier program maintenance.

C++ Top 10 Programming Languages
C++

What You’ll Like?

  • It is a popular programming language, and thus, there are many compilers and libraries
  • Efficient, fast and powerful
  • Many other languages like C, C#, and Java have very similar syntax to C++, making them easy to learn for those that already know C++.
  • C++ has a rich function library.

What You Won’t?

  • The syntax is complex, and the standard library is small, making it very difficult for beginners to learn this language.
  • It has no security.
  • C++ does very little memory management, forcing the programmer to do most of it themselves.

Why You Should Learn?

Game Development, Advance Computations, and Graphics Compilers widely use C++

Salary:

The national average salary for C++ is $101,085 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹574,286.

Difficulty Level:

Medium to hard(3/5)

6. C#

C# is yet another multi-platform programming language that is enjoying a huge momentum in 2021.

The language, being one of the technology stacks of top brands like Microsoft, Intel and Hewlett Packard(HP), is powerful and became widely popular after it was developed by Microsoft.

C# can create a variety of applications from desktop programs to large web portals. If you’re going to create native apps under Microsoft, then you should learn C#.

C# Programming Language
C#

What You’ll Like?

  • Learning C# will help you later on if you decide to learn harder programming languages (e.g. C or C++). The programming style of C# is very similar.
  • It integrates well with Windows
  • Provides access to a repository of functionality and support that is fully integrated with the .NET Library.
  • C# is a great language for enterprise applications

What You Won’t?

  • C# program will load considerably slower than an equivalent C++ program
  • It allows pointers in ‘unsafe’ blocks
  • Only restricted to Microsoft Windows

Why You Should Learn?

It is very beneficial for Enterprise Cross-Application Development, Web Applications.

Salary:

The national average salary for C# is $81,999 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹646,535.

Difficulty Level:

Hard(2/5)

7. PHP

Despite the reality that, PHP is dropping the struggle of Python and JavaScript, it is still tremendously ranked in the market. Today, about 70% of websites use PHP, and in WordPress, about 90% of the code is written using this language.

PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor. PHP is the language of servers and hence made it to our list of top programming languages to learn in 2021.

PHP Programming Language
Hypertext Preprocessor

What You’ll Like?

  • Easy to use
  • Functional and object-oriented programming
  • Powerful library support
  • Stable and fast

What You Won’t?

  • Not suitable for large applications and large number of apps
  • Poor Error Handling Method
  • Developing a website with PHP web development is slower than other programming languages.

Why You Should Learn?

It has a variety of applications from web apps, content management systems to building E-commerce apps.

Salary:

The national average salary for a PHP developer is $68,685 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹350000

Difficulty Level:

Easy(5/5)

8. Go

Go, also known as Golang, is a programming language built by Google. It provides excellent support for multithreading and so, it is being used by a lot of companies that rely heavily on distributed systems. This is widely used in startups in Silicon Valley.

However, it is yet to be adopted by Indian companies/startups. Those who wish to join a Valley-based startup specializing in core systems should master Golang.

Go
Go

What You’ll Like?

  • Very lightweight, yet fast and powerful language for anything network-related.
  • Very easy to learn
  • It has a rich standard library which covers a lot of areas
  • A growing pool of talent

What You Won’t?

  • Not powerful as a general-purpose language
  • It consumes more time to write the reusable code.
  • It is still a very young language and has a very young ecosystem

Why You Should Learn?

Google strongly backs this rapidly growing language and it is going to be the server language of the future. Also, it has as many uses as python, making it to our list of top 10 programming languages to learn in 2021.

Salary:

The national average salary for Go is $115,685 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹1,154,896.

Difficulty Level:

Easy(5/5)

9. Swift

What Java is for android application, Swift is for iOS. Swift alone can develop 90% of iOS applications. As iOS and Apple products have become increasingly popular, so too has the number of Swift practitioners.  

If you wish to serve this community of consumers, then Swift is the programming language for you. 

Swift Top 10 Programming Languages
Swift

 

What You’ll Like?

  • It is a simple and transparent language.
  • Friendly for Beginners
  • Swift is one of the most concise languages.
  • Brief and easily scalable

What You Won’t?

  • Lack of Support for Previous Versions
  • Small Community
  • Poor compatibility with third-party tools

Why You Should Learn?

If you wish to serve the Apple and iOS community of consumers, then Swift is the programming language for you.

Salary:

The national average salary for Swift is $97,271 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹585,671.

Difficulty Level:

Medium(3/5)

10. Ruby

Ruby is one of the most popular languages among tech startups so it deserves a spot on this list of top 10 programming languages to learn in 2021.

Many Silicon Valley unicorns use Ruby, including Airbnb, Twitch, GitHub, and Twitter. Its popularity is dependent on Ruby on Rails, a full-stack web application framework that runs Ruby.

Ruby
Ruby

What You’ll Like?

  • High development speed
  • Vibrant Community
  • Good Security Features
  • Ruby is easy to understand

What You Won’t?

  • Lack of Flexibility
  • High cost of wrong decisions in development
  • Low Runtime speed and performance
  • Lack of Popularity

Why You Should Learn?

You should definitely consider Ruby On Rails if you want to become a full stack developer.

Salary:

The national average salary for a Ruby developer is $88006 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹ 7,30,691

Difficulty Level:

Medium to Hard (2/5)

Bottom Line

Well, this is it, our entire top 10 programming languages to learn in 2021 list.

So, what is your choice? Which programming language you want to learn first as a beginner? If you’re looking to get into the field of web design then the best programming language for you to learn will be JavaScript and PHP.

On the other hand, if you wish to go for the application development on Android and iOS then learn Swift, GO, and Java language. If you are looking forward to building AI algorithm based websites then you can learn the Python language.

Keep in mind that although our picks for the top programming language are based off some statistics and research most of this is our opinion. We’d to love to hear if you agree or not with us in the comment section!

Thank You.


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